The film is based on the true events surrounding Adventures Consultants and Mountain Madness expedition teams as they fight for survival on the way to the summit of Mount Everest in May As the upcoming Hollywood blockbuster gets set to take cinemas by storm, Ian Taylor and Hannah Shields, who reached the summit in and respectively, sat down with irishmirror. He explained to irishmirror. The Kildare native, who had been climbing since he was a boy, said he was so inspired by that moment in that he traveled to the Himalayas the following year.
Ian, who was the youngest Irishman to reach the summit until Mark Quinn in , said that the biggest moment of the trek wasn't until he got to the bottom of the mountain. At the Hillary Step, one of the final points before the mountain's peak, Ian admitted he broke down - scared of going blind or dying, he considered turning back.
More titles to consider
He told irishmirror. He said: "I always told myself, 'I'll give it my best shot, but if it gets dangerous, I'm out of here. Hannah Shields knew that she would scale Mount Everest the first time she saw it - fourteen years before reaching the summit. She said: "I remember seeing the mountain for the first time from the North side, and my stomach did a wee jig.
The Kilrea woman climbed Everest twice, reaching the summit on her second attempt - making her the first Northern Irish woman to conquer the mountain. Her trip was cut short after her expedition team faced difficulties at the South Col, the fourth highest mountain in the world. When she made the trip in , she was a member of a much larger team - an experience which, according to Hannah, was a whole different kind of challenge.
Citing the language barrier with her Russian teammates as a "lonely experience", Hannah told the IrishMirror. The Derry native laughed: "They were really wonderful - but they smoked and they drank vodka the whole way up and down the mountain. When she reached Mount Everest's summit, she could only see the curvature of the peak after one of her contact lenses froze to her eye. Calling the experience of being "on top of the world" humbling, Hannah revealed reality quickly set in during her moment on the mountain's peak.
I didn't want anyone to have to rescue me. There is very little native flora or fauna on Everest. It lurks in crevices and may feed on frozen insects that have been blown there by the wind. There is a high likelihood of microscopic life at even higher altitudes.
Yaks are often used to haul gear for Mount Everest climbs. In , a new weather station at about 8, m altitude 26, feet went online. One of the issues facing climbers is the frequent presence of high-speed winds. Climbers typically aim for a 7- to day window in the spring and fall when the Asian monsoon season is either starting up or ending and the winds are lighter. The air pressure at the summit is about one-third what it is at sea level, and by Bernoulli's principle , the winds can lower the pressure further, causing an additional 14 percent reduction in oxygen to climbers.
In the summer, the Indian monsoon brings warm wet air from the Indian Ocean to Everest's south side. During the winter the west-southwest flowing jet stream shifts south and blows on the peak.
Join Kobo & start eReading today
Because Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world, it has attracted considerable attention and climbing attempts. Whether the mountain was climbed in ancient times is unknown. It may have been climbed in A set of climbing routes has been established over several decades of climbing expeditions to the mountain. Everest's first known summitting occurred by , and interest by climbers increased.
By March , Everest had been climbed 5, times with deaths. By , The Himalayan Database recorded 6, summits by 4, different people. The northern approach to the mountain was discovered by George Mallory and Guy Bullock on the initial British Reconnaissance Expedition. It was an exploratory expedition not equipped for a serious attempt to climb the mountain. From there, Mallory espied a route to the top, but the party was unprepared for the great task of climbing any further and descended. The British returned for a expedition. George Finch climbed using oxygen for the first time.
Mallory and Col. Felix Norton made a second unsuccessful attempt. Mallory was faulted [ citation needed ] for leading a group down from the North Col which got caught in an avalanche. Mallory was pulled down too but survived. Seven native porters were killed. The next expedition was in The next attempt was that of Norton and Somervell, who climbed without oxygen and in perfect weather, traversing the North Face into the Great Couloir. Mallory rustled up oxygen equipment for a last-ditch effort.
He chose young Andrew Irvine as his partner. In , Lady Houston , a British millionairess , funded the Houston Everest Flight of , which saw a formation of aircraft led by the Marquess of Clydesdale fly over the summit in an effort to deploy the British Union Flag at the top. Early expeditions—such as General Charles Bruce 's in the s and Hugh Ruttledge 's two unsuccessful attempts in and —tried to ascend the mountain from Tibet , via the North Face.
Access was closed from the north to Western expeditions in after China took control of Tibet. In , Bill Tilman and a small party which included Charles Houston , Oscar Houston, and Betsy Cowles undertook an exploratory expedition to Everest through Nepal along the route which has now become the standard approach to Everest from the south.
Tenzing's experience was useful when he was hired to be part of the British expedition in In , a ninth British expedition, led by John Hunt , returned to Nepal. Hunt selected two climbing pairs to attempt to reach the summit. As planned, their work in route finding and breaking trail and their oxygen caches were of great aid to the following pair.
Two days later, the expedition made its second assault on the summit with the second climbing pair: the New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay , a Nepali Sherpa climber. They reached the summit at local time on 29 May via the South Col route. At the time, both acknowledged it as a team effort by the whole expedition, but Tenzing revealed a few years later that Hillary had put his foot on the summit first. Hunt was ultimately made a life peer in Britain, while Hillary became a founding member of the Order of New Zealand. In Japanese mountaineers conducted a major expedition.
The centerpiece was a large "siege"-style expedition led by Saburo Matsukata , working on finding a new route up the southwest face. For example, Yuichiro Miura became the first man to ski down Everest from the South Col he descended nearly 4, vertical feet from the South Col before falling with extreme injuries. Another success was an expedition that put four on the summit via the South Col route. In , Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler made the first ascent of Everest without supplemental oxygen.
The Polish climber Andrzej Zawada headed the first winter ascent of Mount Everest, the first winter ascent of an eight-thousander. The team of 20 Polish climbers and 4 Sherpas established a base camp on Khumbu Glacier in early January On 15 January, the team managed to set up Camp III at meters above sea level, but further action was stopped by hurricane-force winds.
The strong wind blows all the time. It is unimaginably cold. After Poles did ten first winter ascents on metre peaks , which earned Polish climbers a reputation of "Ice Warriors". In May , Polish climbers under the leadership of Eugeniusz Chrobak organised an international expedition to Mount Everest on a difficult western ridge. Ten Poles and nine foreigners participated, but ultimately only the Poles remained in the attempt for the summit.
On 24 May, Chrobak and Andrzej Marciniak, starting from camp V at 8, m, overcame the ridge and reached the summit.enter site
‘Everest calling . . . I’m sitting on the summit of the world’
The following day, due to his injuries, Chrobak also died. On 11 May eight climbers died after several expeditions were caught in a blizzard high up on the mountain. During the season, 15 people died while climbing on Mount Everest. These were the highest death tolls for a single event, and for a single season, until the sixteen deaths in the Mount Everest avalanche. The disaster gained wide publicity and raised questions about the commercialisation of climbing Mount Everest. Journalist Jon Krakauer , on assignment from Outside magazine, was in one of the affected parties, and afterward published the bestseller Into Thin Air , which related his experience.
Anatoli Boukreev , a guide who felt impugned by Krakauer's book, co-authored a rebuttal book called The Climb. The dispute sparked a debate within the climbing community. Semple, a surgeon, both researchers from the University of Toronto , told New Scientist magazine that an analysis of weather conditions on 11 May suggested that freak weather caused oxygen levels to plunge approximately 14 percent. Weathers was left for dead about metres feet from Camp 4 at 7, metres 26, feet.
After spending a night on the mountain, Weathers managed to find his way to Camp 4 with massive frostbite and vision impaired due to snow blindness.